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The tablets of Moses had 10 boustrophedon lines of 32 letters each.

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CHAPTER II

Discovering  the  Three-Dimensional  Structure  of
the  Ten  Commandments*

by Dr. Ed Metzler


Dr. Metzler-Moziani (Photo), The Metzler Formula

       § 1. Leisure may be conducive to creativeness,
leading   to   discoveries  while  playing.  One  lazy
afternoon  in  mid  July  of 1983, instead of solving
crossword  puzzles,  I decided to count the number
of  letters  from  the initial Alef  in the Hebrew text
of  the Ten Commandments to the first occurrence
of   the   letter  Bet.  What  I  found  was  the  key

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            *Dedicated to my dear friends Dr. and Mrs. Charles O. Galvin,
Centennial  Professor  at  the  School of Law of Vanderbilt University,
formerly   Dean   of   the   School   of   Law   of   Southern   Methodist
University  in  Dallas,  Texas,  where  the author earned his degree of
Master   of   Comparative  Law  in  1965  as  recipient  of  a  Fulbright
scholarship
,  and  of the Robert G. Storey, Jr., Memorial Fellowship
of the Southwestern Legal Foundation.

[3]


 
[64]  
Ed  Metzler
  

to  discovering  the  three-dimensional  structure of
the  Ten Commandments. Three days later I knew
precisely  what  the  two  stone  tablets  hewn  and
written  by  Moses  in  the  Sinai  in  1441 B. C. E.
looked  like.  I published my discovery on Simchat
Torah
   of  1983  in  the  first  German  edition  of
my book entitled “TORAH OF THE ALPHABET,
Reconstruction  of  the  2  Tablets of Moses in the
Original   Alphabet
”,   which  I  wrote  under  the
pen-name ELIYAHU MOZIANI.1)
       §  2.  Reconstructing  the Mosaical Tablets of
the  Law    just  like  the twelve tablets of ancient
Roman  Law    was  a  challenge  to  the  science
of  law,  especially  to  comparative legal history.2)

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            1) Eliyahu Moziani,arrowTORAH OF THE ALPHABET, Recon-
struction   of   the  2  Tablets  of  Moses  in  the  Original  Alphabet
,
translated   from   the   2nd   German   edition  (1984)  by  the  author,
2nd   English   ed.   (1985)   ISBN   3-924448-02-7   (hardcover),   pub-
lished   by   Baalschem   Press,   and   selling   for   US-Dollars  12.95
(hereinafter   cited   as   TORAH   OF   THE  ALPHABET).    Earlier
in   1983,   from   mid   April   to   mid   May,   I   had  discovered  the
two-dimensional   structure  of  the  alphabetical  order,  its  didactic
system   (hence   the   title   TORAH  “teaching”),  and  its  Israelite
origin,   so   that   there   was   sufficient   evidence   for  suspecting
a  connection  between  the  alphabet and the Ten Commandments.
            2)  Unlike  the  Ten  Commandments, an estimated two thirds
of  the  text  of  the  twelve  tablets  (Lex Duodecim Tabularum) are

[4]


 
  
Ten  Commandments
  [65]

Knowing  the structural elements is a prerequisite
for  discoveries  of  structures,  such  as the ring-
structure  of  benzole  by  Kekule  in 1865 or the
double-helix  structure  of  DNA  by  Crick  and
Watson  in  1953.3)  Since  the  text  of  the  Ten
Commandments   is  probably  the  most  widely
known ancient stone inscription, which has been
completely   preserved  not  only  once  (Exodus
20,  214),  but  twice  (Deuteronomy 5, 618),
it  was  only  a  question of time until somebody
would come up with a good idea for discovering
their three-dimensional structure.4)

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irretrievably  lost,  so  that  they  can  never  be completely recon-
structed,  although  attempts  at  reconstruction  have been made
by   classical   scholars   since  the  time  of  the  Renaissance,  cf.
Rudolf   Düll,   Das   Zwölftafelgesetz,   3.  Aufl.  1959  München,
pp.  911; and TORAH OF THE ALPHABET (N. 1) pp. 16 and 17.
            3)  In  both  cases  the  component  parts had already been
discovered prior to knowing their structural arrangement. Having
all  the  ingredients  of  a  cake  simply  does  not  mean  that  you
know  how  to  bake  it:  Discovering  structures,  whether  in  the
natural   or   in  the  cultural  sciences  such  as  jurisprudence,  is
a creative accomplishment all of its own.
            4)   On   account   of   the  Dead  Sea  Scrolls  I  had  great
confidence   in   the   reliability   of   the  biblical  text  of  the  Ten
Commandments.   The   same  meticulous  care  taken  by  Jewish
tradition   in   copying   the   text   of  the  Bible  for  the  last  two
thousand  years  must  also  have  prevailed  ever  since  Joshua
first copied the law of Moses (Joshua 8, 3035).

[5]


 
[66]  
Ed  Metzler
  

A.  The  Letters  Alef  and  Bet  in  the
One-Dimensional  Text  of  the
Ten  Commandments

       §  3.  A whimsical pastime as it might seem,
there   was   a   good  reason  why  I  thought  it
worthwhile  to  find  out  the  number  of  letters
from  the first Alef to the first Bet in the Hebrew
text  of the Ten Commandments. Assuming that
the  biblical  date  of the Exodus (1441 B. C. E.)
is correct, the Ten Commandments were written
six  centuries  before the Mesha stone, and must
have  been  one  of  the first, if not the very first
document in alphabetical script conceived by the
people  of Israel in the Sinai.5) This opinion was

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            5)  The  date of the Mesha stone (842 B. C. E.) is generally
accepted, while many scholars believe that the Exodus happened
around  1270  B. C. E.,  cf.  TORAH  OF  THE  ALPHABET  (N. 1)
pp.  13  and  14. The biblical date, however, is absolutely reliable,
because  it  marks  not  only a historical event, but the beginning
of  the  era of the ancient Republic of Israel, whose constitution,
the  Ten  Commandments,  was  adopted  in the third month after
the  Exodus (Exodus 19, 1). By celebrating the Passover holidays
in   the   spring   of   every   subsequent   year   (Exodus  13;  and
Numbers  9,  1)  the  people  of  Israel  have  commemorated their
Exodus  from  Egypt, and counted the years after the foundation

[6]


 
  
Ten  Commandments
  [67]

expressed  already  by professor Hubert Grimme,
an   expert  of  proto-Sinaitic  inscriptions,  in  his
article  on  the  “Alphabet”  in  the Encyclopaedia
Judaica  of  1928, but he was unable to prove it.6)
       §  4.  Why  Alef  and  Bet were placed at the
top  of  the  alphabetical order is a question about
which  I  had  always  been wondering.7) The text
of   the   Ten   Commandments  begins  with  the
Hebrew   word   ANKI  (English  “I”),  and  thus
with  the  letter  Alef,  as  can  be seen at the first
glance.8)  If  it  was,  indeed, the first letter of the

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of  their  state  as  the  Romans,  later  on,  counted  the  years  after
the  foundation  of  their  city.  Thus  King Solomon began to build
the   First   Temple   in   the   4th   year  of  his  reign  (961  B.  C.  E.)
and   in  the  480th  year  after  the  Exodus  (1.  Kings  6,  1),  which
was   in   1441   B.  C.  E.   The   accuracy  of  historical  chronology
does  not  stand  upon astronomical niceties, but on the continuity
of  counting  the  recurring  seasons  of  the  year or the number of
springs in the life of a republic rather than an individual, regardless
of whether spring is early or late in a particular year.
            6)  Cf.  Hubert  Grimme,  op.  cit.  supra  at 405; and similarly
Kurt Galling in his article “Dekalog” in the Encyclopaedia Judaica
of   1930   at   899.   Since   the   proto-Sinaitic   inscription   on   the
pedestal   of   a   small   sphinx   found   by  Sir  Flinders  Petrie  is
generally   dated   around  1500  B.  C.  E.,  it  is  very  close  in  time
and  place  to  the  two  stone  tablets  of  the Torah of Moses from
the Sinai, and would be only a few decades earlier.
            7)    See    TORAH   OF   THE   ALPHABET   (N.   1)   p.   21.
            8)  This  fact  could  be  neglected,  if  both the sarcophagus
of  King  Achiram  of  Byblos  and  the  Exodus  were  to  be  dated

[7]


 
[68]  
Ed  Metzler
  

first   text   in   alphabetical   script,  this  would  be
a   good  reason  for  placing  it  at  the  top  of  the
alphabetical order, because everybody who wanted
to  learn  how to read and write the newly invented
alphabet  had  to  begin  with  this  very  Alef in the
absence   of   any   other   alphabetical  literature.9)
In  this  case  a  similar  reason should be expected
for placing Bet next after Alef.
       §  5. Investigating why the letter Bet holds the
second  place  in  the alphabetical order I searched
for  the  first  Bet in the text of the Ten Command-

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in   the   thirteenth   century   B.  C.  E.   But   the   real   age   of  the
Achiram  sarcophagus  is around 600 B. C. E. The female mourners
on   it   are   typical   of   the   time   of   the   prophet  Jeremiah,  as
correctly   pointed   out   by   M.  Haran  in  the  Israel  Exploration
Journal,   vol.   8  (1958)  no.  1.  It  is  contemporary  with  Pharaoh
Nechoh,  who  is  identical with Ramses II, and generally misdated
more than six centuries earlier as well as the Achiram sarcophagus
with   him,   cf.   Immanuel  Velikovsky,  Ramses  II  and  his  Time,
(1978) chapter 3.
            9)  The  priority of the Tablets of the Law (Luchot ha-Berit)
as the first legal document in alphabetical script after its invention,
and  the  beginning  of alphabetical literature would be threatened,
if   the   cuneiform   adaptation   of  the  linear  alphabet  by  Ugarit,
which  has  the  same  alphabetical  order  as  the  22  letters  of the
ancient   Hebrew   alphabet   except   for   eight   additional  letters,
is   dated   back  to  around  1400  B.  C.  E.,  as  most  scholars  do.
However,   the   last   two   centuries   of   Ugarit   before   its   final
destruction   are   contemporary   with  the  first  two  centuries  of
the    Israelite   monarchy   (ca.   1030830   B.  C.  E.),   and   hence

[8]


 
  
Ten  Commandments
  [69]

ments.   It   is  letter  no.  34,  and  occurs  at  the
beginning   of  Bet  Avadim  “house  of  bondage”
(Exodus   20,   2   =  Deuteronomy  5,  6).10)  The
Gezer   tablet  and  the  proto-Sinaitic  inscriptions
suggest   that  the  original  text  neither  separated
words   nor   used  double  letters.11)  Without  se-
parating  spaces  between words the final Mem of
Mitzrayim  “Egypt”  could  simultaneously  serve
as   the   initial   of   the   next  word,  which  also
happens  to  be  Mem.12)  Its  omission  makes Bet
letter  no.  33.  There  are  no  other  instances of

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also   eighteenth-dynasty   Egypt   is   contemporary   with  both,  cf.
Immanuel   Velikovsky,   From   Exodus   to  King  Akhnaton,  (1952)
chapter  5;  Josephus  Flavius,  Jewish  Antiquities,  II,  9 and VIII, 6;
and  Ed  Metzler,  Discovering  the  System  of Mosaical Metrology,
(Herborn  1985)  Notes  14  and  54.
            10)   When   discovering   the   two-dimensional  structure  of
the   alphabetical   order   (cf.   Note   1   supra),   I   noticed  that  the
22    letters    of   the   original   alphabet   come   in   11   consecutive
pairs   of   letters,   which   supplement   and   explain  each  other  in
a   variety   of   ways,   so   that   the   same   principle   would   have
to  apply  to  both  Alef  and  Bet.
            11)  The  Gezer  tablet  dates  from  the  tenth century B. C. E.,
and   was   found   in   the   city   ofarrowGezer,   which  King  Solomon
received   from   Egypt   as   dowry  of  his  wife  Queen  Hatshepsut,
the so-called Queen of Sheba (Malkat Sheba = Malkah Hatsheba),
cf.   1.   Kings   9,   16   and  10,  113;  Velikovsky  (N.  9)  chapter  3.
            12)   In   order   to   see  how  double  letters  were  treated  in
the   Sinai   at   the   time   of  the  Exodus  (1441  B.  C.  E.),  I  turned
to   the   inscription  on  the  pedestal  of  a  sphinx  (above  Note  6),

[9]


 
[70]  
Ed  Metzler
  

double  letters  before  it,  if  the  biblical etymology
of  the  tetragrammaton  means  that  its  initial Yod
may  be  substituted  by  Alef (Exodus 3, 1315).13) 


B.  The  Two-Dimensional  Lay-out  of
the  10  Lines  (Devarim)  of  the
Ten  Commandments

       §  6.  The odd  number of  thirty-three did  not
seem  to  make  any  sense  at  first.  Yet,  since the
first  line  of  the  Ten  Commandments begins with
Alef,  I  had  a  hunch  that  maybe  the  second line
of   the  original  tablets  of  Moses,  which possibly

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and   succeeded   in   completely   deciphering  it  after  about  three
hours,   cf.   TORAH   OF   THE  ALPHABET  (N.  1)  pp.  914  and
3239. The double letters occur between the words Me’aheb Ba‘al,
which  Grimme  (N.  6)  at  406  had  read  Me’ohab  Ba‘al(t), where
the   inscription  has  only  one  Bet,  and  no  separation  of  words.
            13)    If   this   interpretation   is   rejected,   the   double   Yod
at   the  end  of  the  first  and  the  beginning  of  the  second  word
of  the  Ten  Commandments  has  to  be  reduced  to  a  single one,
which   would   make   Bet   letter  no.  32,  and  leads  nowhere,  see
below   text  accompanying  Notes  43  and  44.  The  name  YaHUH
was   unknown   before   the  time  of  Moses  (Exodus  6,  2  and  3),
who  first  wrote it on the Tablets of the Law. According to Exodus
3,   1315   it   is   interchangeable  with  AHIH  for  archaic  AHUH.

[10]


 
  
Ten  Commandments
  [71]

were  the  first  document  ever  to  be  written in
the  alphabet,  began  with Bet.14) So I tried it out,
writing  the  32  letters  of the first line from right
to  left,  and  the second line beginning with letter
no.  33  (Bet) from left to right.15) To my surprise,
the  biblical  verse  and  the grammatical sentence
(Exodus  20,  3  = Deuteronomy 5, 7) ended with
letter  no.  31  of  the  second line. Of course, the
first  line  would  likewise  havearrow31  letters, if its
letter   no.   32   were  placed  between  the  lines
marking their minimum space of one letter-unit.16)
       §  7.  Encouraged  by  this result I continued
writing,  without  spaces  between words, in lines
of  31 letters each plus one turning-letter between

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            14)  The  number  33  or  Lag  (Lamed  =  30,  and Gimel = 3)
reminds  of Lag ba-Omer, a Jewish holiday 33 days after Passover
that  commemorates  Rabbi  Akiva  ben  Joseph  and his students,
especially Shimon bar Yochai, in whose school the Sefer Yetzirah
originated   in   the   second   century   of   the   Common  Era,  see
Gershom   Scholem,   Kabbalah   (1974)   pp.  2330.  It  deals  with
the writing (Sefirot) of the Ten Commandments.
            15)  In  this  respect  I  followed  the  example  of  the oldest
Greek  inscriptions,  which  are  still  very close to ancient Hebrew
script   immediately   after   borrowing   it  from  Israel,  as  well  as
the proto-Sinaitic inscriptions.
            16)  My  personal  standards of orderliness happened to be
the   same   as   ancient   Egyptian   technique,   cf.  Note  29  infra.

[11]


 
[72]  
Ed  Metzler
  

the   lines,  changing  the  writing  direction  after
every  line,  and  reducing  double or triple letters
to  singles.17)  The  next  three  biblical  verses  of
the   Ten  Commandments  consist  of  one  long
compound  sentence  speaking in the first person
singular,  and  ending  with  “them  that love me,
and  keep  my commandments” (Exodus 20, 46
=  Deuteronomy  5,  810).18)  The  two versions
are   identical   except  for  one  Waw  missing  in
Exodus,  and  another  in  Deuteronomy, both of
which  I  inserted.19)  Remarkably,  the end of the
seventh line ofarrow31 letters coincided with the end
of  the  grammatical  sentence.

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            17)   The   number   of   32   letters   per  line  is  given  at  the
very   beginning   of   chapter  1  of  the  Sefer  Yetzirah,  where  the
letters    are    called    Ketivot   (from   Katav   “to   write”),   but   in
Jewish-Aramaic   script  the  initialarrowKaf  could  easily  be  misread
as  Nun,  resulting  in  complete  mystification,  and  the “thirty-two
mysterious paths (Netivot) of wisdom”.
            18)  Although  the  word  Mitzwah “commandment”, related
to   Metzaweh   “commander”  (Isaiah  55,  4),  is  used  in  the  Ten
Commandments,  they  are  not  called  the  10 Mitzwot in the Bible,
but  the  10  Devarim (Exodus 34, 28), which means the “10 words”,
literally translated into Greek as “decalogue”. Since it undoubtedly
has  more  than 10 words, the concept of Davar “word” must have
meant something else originally.
            19)  The  Waw  is  missing  before  al-Shileshim  in  Exodus,
and before kol-Temunah in Deuteronomy.

[12]


 
  
Ten  Commandments
  [73]

       §  8.  The  rest  of  the Ten Commandments
(Exodus   20,  714  =  Deuteronomy  5,  1118)
differs  in  both  versions.  Applying  the  method
of   interpolation  research  from  ancient  Roman
Law  to  ancient  Jewish  or  Israelite  Law,  I did
my  best  as  a  lawyer  and  judge  to  restore the
original  text  of  the Mosaical Tablets of the Law
by  removing  what appeared to be post-Mosaical
additions.20)  Then  I continued writing, and came
out,  after  three  more  lines or 96 letters, exactly
at  the  end  of  the  tenth  line.21)  This  indicated
that  the  10 Devarim (Exodus 34, 28) written by
Moses,  and  traditionally,  but  falsely  translated

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            20)   Interpolation   research   of   the   Ten   Commandments
was  already  done  by  Rabbi  Akiva  ben  Joseph  and  his school
in   the   Sefer   Yetzirah   (above   Note   14),   where  the  mere  text
written   on   the  original  Tablets  of  the  Law,  without  any  post-
Mosaical  interpolations,  is  called  beli  Mah  “without anything”,
while   Roman   Law   began   with   interpolation  research  only  in
the time of the Renaissance, cf. Fritz Schulz, Classical Roman Law,
(Oxford  1954)  pp.  4  and  5.
            21)  After  finishing  seven  lines  one  could  guess  that the
10   Devarim   (cf.   Note   18   supra)   might   refer   to   10  lines  of
32   letters   each,  leaving  96  letters  for  the  last  three  lines.  The
10   lines   (Sefirot)   of   32   letters   (Ketivot,  correct  for  Netivot)
are  meant  in  thearrowSefer  Yetzirah,  as  observed  in  the  TORAH
OF   THE   ALPHABET   (N.   1)   p.   120,   but   Gershom  Scholem
(N.  14)  seems  to  have  been  completely  unaware  of  it.

[13]


 
[74]  
Ed  Metzler
  

as   the  “Ten  Commandments”,  actually  were  a
graphic  concept  referring  to  the  10  lines written
in   alternating   directions   “like   a  bull  ploughs”,
called   boustrophedon   in   Greek.22)   Now  I  felt
that  I  was  on  the  right  track!


C.  The  Three-Dimensional  Distribution
of  the  Ten  Lines  on  the  Two
Tablets  of  the  Law

       §   9.   Folding   the   10   lines  (Devarim)  of
31   letters,   plus   9   turning-letters   in   between,
lengthwise   and  breadthwise  in  the  midle  yields

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            22)   The   original  meaning  of  Davar,  which  is  “to  drive
animals,  such  as  a  ploughing  bull”,  is still present in the words
Darban  “goad”,  Dover  “pasture”,  Midbar “drift for cattle”, and
Devorah “bee or driven animal in a herd or hive”. The comparison
with  the  ploughing  bull  being  driven  from  one end of the field
to  the  other,  where  he  has  to  turn  around  and  come back on
the  second  line  or  drift  (Davar), is extended by using the word
Charash   “ploughing”   also   for   writing,  cf.  TORAH  OF  THE
ALPHABET  (N.  1)  pp.arrow57 and 101. In thearrowSefer Yetzirah the
10   written   lines   (Devarim)   on  the  Tablets  of  the  Law  were
renamed   Sefirot  (from  Sefer  “book”  and  Sofer  “scribe”)  after
Davar   had   come   to   mean   the   spoken  word.  The  meaning
of  the  10  Sefirot  was  obscured  again  by  medieval  Kabbalah.

[14]


 
  
Ten  Commandments
  [75]

their three-dimensional distribution on the Tablets
of  the  Law.23)  One  fold  separates the five lines
of  each  tablet  cutting  through  the fifth turning-
letter,  which  happens  to  be thearrowKof  in Poked
Awon  Avot  “visiting  the  iniquity of the fathers”
(Exodus  20,  5 = Deuteronomy 5, 9). The shape
of  the  letter  Kof  (English  “monkey”)  with  its
outstanding   tail   lends  itself  to  connecting  the
two  Tablets  of  the  Law.24)  Standing at the end
of the first tablet it should, therefore, be repeated
at   the   beginning  of  the  second,  bringing  the
number of 319 letters to a total of 320.25)

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            23)  see  TORAH OF THE ALPHABET (N. 1) pp. 100107,
and  119.  The  tablets  were  some  four  and  a  half  centimeters
thick   (cf.   Notes   30  and  33  infra),  enough  to  write  on  their
tops.   The  three-dimensional  structure  of  their  inscription  on
front, top, and reverse was destroyed by copying it. The biblical
text  is  termed  one-dimensional,  because  it  pays  no attention
to  the  original  ten lines (Devarim or Sefirot), and might as well
be written in one long line.
            24)  The  Sefer  Yetzirah (chapter 1, no. 3) distributes five
of  the  ten  lines  without  anything  (Sefirot beli Mah) on each
of  the  two  Tablets of the Law (Luchot ha-Berit) with the male
sexual  organ  (Berit  Milah)  of  the  letterarrowKof  in  the middle.
            25)  In  the  Sefer  Yetzirah  (chapter  1, no. 1) the writing
of   the   Tablets   of   the   Law  in  lines  of  32  letters  (Ketivot,
correct  for  Netivot)  is  likened  to  thearrowcreation of the world.
The Jewish era of creation shares this symbolism by beginning
2320  years  before  the  Exodus,  i. e. 2  tablets  and  320  letters.

[15]


 
[76]  
Ed  Metzler
  

       §  10.  There  was  writing  on  both sides of
the Tablets of the Law (Exodus 32, 15). The text
of  each  tablet  is  equally  divided between front
and reverse by the other fold, which runs through
the  Resh  in  Asher  Hotzetikha  “which  brought
thee  out”  (Exodus  20,  2 = Deuteronomy 5, 6),
and  through thearrowsixteenth letter of every line.26)
Consequently,  the  ten  lines were not horizontal,
but  vertical  columns  of  letters passing over the
top   of   the  tablets  to  their  opposite  sides  on
each  of the ten lines.27) Thus the Ten Command-
ments would begin in the lower right-hand corner
on  the  front  of  the first tablet, running upward
fifteen  letters,  one  on  top, fifteen down on the

末末末末末末末 

            26)  The  sixteenth  letter  of  the  tenth  line  is the Shin of
Ed  Shaker  “false  witness”  on top of the second tablet, so that
the  subsequent  letters  Kof  and  Resh  are  in a vulnerable spot
in  the  upper  left-hand  corner  on  the  front  (cf.  Note 52 infra).
            27) Here as elsewhere in the reconstruction of the Tablets
of  the  Law  the  right hypotheses were prompted by linguistics,
and  verified  by  mathematics:  The etymology of Davar implied
boustrophedon  (cf.  Note  22  supra),  the  expression  “from  lip
to  lip”  meant  a  square  (cf.  Note  40  infra),  and the volume of
Manah  weight-stone  proved identical with the Manna in the
Omer   (cf.   Note   41  infra).  The  idiomatic  use  of  the  Hebrew
word  Ever “opposite side” suggested passing (Avar “to pass”)
over  the  top  of  the  tablets  like  a  mountain-pass  (Ma‘avar).

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Ten  Commandments
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reverse,  one  to  the  side,  so  that  the  next line
could  start all over again in the opposite direction
with letter no. 33.28)
       §  11.  The  proportions  of  the  tablets may
be   inferred   from   the  number  of  letter-units,
provided  that  every  letter  was  entered  into  a
square of the same area. Such an orderly arrange-
ment  of  letters  is  a  reasonable assumption, for
networks  of  squares  were  also  used  in  Egypt
when  drawing  pictures  or pictographs.29) Hence
the height of a tablet would be fifteen letter-units,
its  width  ten  units consisting of the five vertical
lines plus the five empty spaces, and its thickness
one  unit  because  of  the  one  letter  on  its top.
The  thickness  of  the  tablets  may be estimated

末末末末末末末 

            28)  The  Sefer  Yetzirah  (chapter  1,  no.  58)  describes the
three-dimensional  structure  of  the  10  lines  or  Sefirot,  that  were
imagined   to   be  spheres,  whence  the  Greek  loan-word  sphaira.
The  prophet  Ezekiel  (1,  14)  compares them to ploughing animals
(ke-Malmad ha-Bakar, correct for ke-Mar’eh ha-Barak) going out
and  returning  (Yatzo’  wa-Shov),  and  every  one had 4 directions
(Ezekiel   1,  6),    up  and  down  the  tablets,  over  and  sideways.
In  Hebrew  the  directions  or  four  corners  of  the earth are called
“wings” (Ezekiel 7, 2) and “faces” (1. Kings 7, 25).
            29)  This  is  a  well-known Egyptian technique. The squares
are visible on pictures where the colors faded away.

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Ed  Metzler
  

at  two  to five centimeters, no less or they would
break   too  easily,  no  more  or  they  would  be
unnecessarily  heavy  for  transportation.30)  So  if
the  tablets  were  4  cm  thick,  they were 60 cm
high,  and  40  cm  wide.


D.  Checking  the  Correctness  of  the
Reconstruction  of  the  Two
Tablets  of  Moses

       §   12.   Empirical  and  mathematical  proof
is  readily  available  for checking the correctness
of   the   reconstruction   of   the  two  tablets  of

末末末末末末末 

            30)  This  estimate  was  submitted already more than fifty
years  ago  by  Kurt  Galling  (N.  6)  at  899,  who  also guessed
correctly  that  the  area  of  the  stone  tablets  was “hardly more
than   half   a   square   meter”,   while   it   actually   was  0.30  m².
Each  tablet  was  67.5  cm  by  45  cm  and  4.5  cm  thick  if every
letter  required  an  area  of  4.5  cm  by  4.5  cm,  see  TORAH OF
THE  ALPHABET  (N.  1) p. 31. By fitting the tablets into the ark
one  may  conclude  that  each  tablet  was  one cubit by 1.5 and
0.1  cubit  thick  (Ibid.  p.  51).  A  cubit is the space between the
elbow   and   the   tip  of  the  middle  finger,  and  differs  a  little
from  person  to  person,  so  that  cubits of different lengths are
known  in  history  and  archaeology.  The Mosaical cubit is the
cube  root  of  4  Bat,  and  measures  44.63 cm (cf. Note 33 infra).

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Ten  Commandments
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Moses  beyond  a  reasonable  doubt, even though
they   have   been   inaccessible   for  nearly  three
thousand   years.31)  They  were  transported  in  a
wooden box, which was 2.5 cubits long, 1.5 cubits
wide,  and  1.5  cubits  high (Exodus 37, 1).32) Any
reconstruction   of  the  tablets  can  be  tested  by
whether  it fits into this box. During transportation
the  tablets  were  lying side by side on the bottom
of  the  box  with  their  length  fitting  tightly  into
the  width  of  the  box.  Hence  15 letter-units are
1.5   cubits,  so  that  the  tablets  were  one  cubit

末末末末末末末 

            31)  After  the  abolishment  of  the ancient Israelite republic
its   constitution  was  buried,  as  it  were,  by  depositing  the  box
with  the  Tablets  of  the  Law  in  aarrowdark  and inaccessible room
known  as  the Holy of Holies of the temple built by King Solomon
in  Jerusalem  (1.  Kings 8, 612), see TORAH OF THE ALPHABET
(N.  1) pp. 18 andarrow103. Before the destruction of the First Temple
in  586  B.  C.  E.  the  Ark  of  the  Covenant,  as  the  box  is  called,
and  the  Tablets  of  the  Law  as  well  as  the  broken tablets were
hidden   in   a   cave   by  King  Josiah,  so  that  they  may  still  be
waiting   to   be   found   in   a  Genizah,  cf.  Ed  Metzler,  Mosaical
Metrology  (N.  9)  p.arrow19.
            32)   The   measurements  of  the  box  are  an  empirical  fact
of  great  reliability.  They  are  given  twice  (also in Exodus 25, 10)
in  exactly  the  same  words.  For  more  than  four  hundred  years
the  ark  was  open  to  inspection.  As  a  young  man  Joshua, the
apprentice and successor of Moses, always stayed near it (Exodus
33,  11).  When  Samuel  held  the  same position with Eli, he slept
where  the  ark  was  (1.  Samuel 3, 3). Its measurements have been
carefully  handed  down  by  historical  tradition (cf. Note 4 supra).

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wide,  and  0.1  cubit  (=  4.46  cm) thick.33) This
leaves  three  handbreadths (= 0.5 cubit), needed
for  getting  hold  of  the  tablets.34)
       §  13.  Mathematical  proof  results from the
geometry  of  the  Tablets  of  the  Law and their
box.   Since   a  rectangular  tablet  only  fits  into
a   rectangular  box,  if  the  craftsmen,  both  the
carpenter  and  the  stone-mason,  have  the geo-
metrical   know-how   to  do  a  right  angle  with
precision,  I  checked  their  measurements  as to

末末末末末末末 

            33)  The  Mosaical  cubit  (above  Note  30) can be identified
from   the   context  of  the  system  of  Mosaical  metrology,  which
I  discovered  in  November  of  1984. In the second English edition
of  the  TORAH  OF  THE  ALPHABET  (N.  1)  p.  50, the length of
a  cubit  (=  44.63  cm)  was  calculated,  for  the  first  time,  from the
weight  of  a  Beka  (=  6.0 gm), cf. Ed Metzler, Mosaical Metrology
(N.  9)  p.  7.  It  is  the  cube  root of 4 Bat or approximately 88 liters
(below  Note  40),  that  can  be  determined  more  precisely,  if one
Kikar  or  6000  Beka = 36 000 grams are divided by 2.7, the specific
gravity  of  granite  (cf.  Note  41  infra),  and  by  0.15 (cubic cubits
of one stone tablet).
            34) The ark was used by taking each tablet into both hands,
when  setting  them  up  within  the  box, in order to be able to read
them, having to pass over the summit to the opposite side on each
of the ten lines. The ark was as high as it was wide, for it had to be
as  high  as  the  standing  tablets.  There  was  room  for one hand
between  the  tablets,  and  between  the  stones  and the wood on
either  side,  three  handbreadths  altogether,  which is half a cubit,
see  TORAH  OF  THE  ALPHABET  (N.  1)  pp. 17 and 51. During
transportation these spaces were cushioned by the broken tablets
wrapped in fleece, cf. Ed Metzler, Mosaical Metrology (N. 9) p. 15.

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Ten  Commandments
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whether  they  contain  the  so-called Pythagorean
numbersarrow3,  4,  and  5.35)  This is the case, if the
tablets  are  placed side by side next to each other,
because  their  length  is  3  half-cubits, their com-
bined   width  is  4  half-cubits,  and  the  diagonal
of  the  combined rectangle is 5 half-cubits, which
is  the  length  of  the box.36) These measurements
also  provide  an  easy method for dividing a cubit
into   ten  equal  parts  explaining  why  there  are
10  vertical  and  15  horizontal  lines.37)

末末末末末末末 

            35)   The   squares   of   3   and   4  (9  plus  16)  are  25,  which
is   5   times   5,   the   only   instance  of  whole  numbers  under  ten
making    up    a    right   triangle.   The   next   such   combination   is
5,   12,   and   13.   Knowing   the   combination   3,   4,   and  5    like
that  of  a  safe  is knowing the secret of the Pythagorean theorem.
Pythagoras owed his theories to the Jews, cf. Ed Metzler, Mosaical
Metrology  (N.  9)  Note  16.
            36)   This   geometrical   know-how  is  not  surprising,  if  the
people  of  Israel  were  the  pyramid  builders, as Josephus Flavius,
Jewish Antiquities, II, 9, writes, cf. Ed Metzler, Mosaical Metrology
(N.  9)  Notesarrow14  and  54.  The  Exodus  brought about the end of
the   pyramid   age:  Departing  from  Fayoum  (Pithom),  where  the
last  pyramids  were  built,  the  people  of  Israel  had  to  reach  the
Red   Sea   when   heading   eastward   for   the  Sinai,  which  is  not
the    case,   if   the   point   of   departure   were   farther   northward
near  the  Nile  delta.
            37)  A  pyramid  measuring  2.5  cubits  in  height  as  well  as
at  the  base  divides  the  cubit  at  the  top  edge  of  the Tablets of
the  Law  into  10 equal parts, and a hexagram of two such pyramids
helps   to   draw   the   10  lines,  cf.  TORAH  OF  THE  ALPHABET
(N.  1)  pp.arrow8  andarrow113.

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       §  14.  The  two  tablets  were  the prototypes
of  ancient  weights  and measures, as I discovered
when   calculating   their  volumes  and  weights.38)
Therefore,  every  cubit  of  44.6  cm  measured at
archaeological  sites  in  Israel  bears witness to the
width   of   the   stone  tablets  of  Moses.39)  Every
vessel   ofarrow22.2  liters  found  in  Israel  with  Bat
written   on   it  in  ancient  Hebrew  script  is  one
fourth  of  a cubic cubit, and six Omers (= 0.6 Bat)
or   0.15   cubic  cubits  make  up  the  volume  of
one  of  the tablets.40) Likewise, every weight-stone

末末末末末末末 

            38)   Cf.   Ed   Metzler,   Mosaical   Metrology   (N.  9)  pp.  37.
One   tablet   weighed   36   kilograms   or   6000   Beka   of   6.0  grams.
            39)   Ibid.   The   official   cubit   was  defined  as  the  width  of
one tablet, and the Kikar as its weight.
            40)   The   conversion   factor   of   cubic   cubits   and  Bats  is
contained   in  1.  Kings  7,  2326:  The  sea  of  molten  brass  in  the
temple  of  King  Solomon  was  a  cylindrical  tank  with  a volume of
10  cubits  by  10  by  5,  i.  e.arrow500  cubic  cubits,  a circumference of
30  cubits,  and  a  capacity  of  2000  Bat.  Hence  one Bat (22.2 liters)
or   Ephah   (Ezekiel   45,   11)   is   0.25  or  1/4  of  a  cubic  cubit,  and
one  cubit  (44.6  cm)  is  the  cube  root  of  4  Bat or 40 Omer (Exodus
16,   36).   The   10  cubits,  which  form  a  square,  are  generally  mis-
interpreted   as   the   diameter   of   a  circle.  Since  its  circumference
would   be   31.4   cubits,   while   it  actually  was  30  cubits,  the  text
must   mean   something   else,   because   a  difference  of  1.4  cubits
could  not possibly have escaped notice, when measuring the vessel
with  a  string  around  it.  Therefore,  the  10  cubits  “from  lip to lip”
do   not   refer   to   the   diameter   of   a   circle,  but  to  the  distance
between  the  opposite  sides  of  a  square.  Neither  this  square nor

[22]


 
  
Ten  Commandments
  [83]

of  6.0  grams  found  in  Israel  with  Beka  or  B
written  on  it  in  ancient Hebrew script, of which
there   were   6000  to  a  Kikar    as  the  weight
of  a  tablet  was  called , confirms the system of
Mosaical  metrology,  and  the  correctness of my
reconstruction  of  the  tablets.41) 


E.  Post-Mosaical  Interpolations  and
Double  Interpretation  of  the
Ten  Commandments

       §   15.   Interpolation   research  of  the  Ten
Commandments  can  always  be  checked by the
geometry   of   the   Tablets  of  the  Law,  which

末末末末末末末 

its  height  of  5  cubits  describe  the  shape  of  the  vessel, but its
cubic  content.  The shape of the cylinder, which had aarrowdiameter
of  426  cm,  and  was 312 cm or almost 7 cubits high, is determined
by  its  circumference  and  capacity.  Both  data  are  given  in  the
Bible  converting Bats into cubic cubits, so that the measurements
of  the  tank  may be calculated in cubits (ba-Ammah). Exact know-
ledge about the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter
is   implicit   in  the  choice  of  measurements  for  the  Brazen  Sea.
            41)  If  the winged-lion (cherub) weight-stone of 4780 grams
found  near  Taanach,  now  in the Dagon Grain Museum in Haifa,
is   400   Shekel   (Genesis   23,   16),   one   Beka   or  half-Shekel  is

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Ed  Metzler
  

limits  the  length  of  each of the 10 vertical lines
to  32  letters.42)  I  interpreted the biblical etymo-
logy   of  the  tetragrammaton  to  mean  that  its
initial  Yod  may  be  exchanged and spelled Alef
(Exodus  3,  1315).  My  interpretation  proved
correct,  because  any other leads astray with the
wrong  number of letters.43) When the separation
of  words  was  introduced  around 900 B. C. E.,
the  first three words of the Ten Commandments
ANKIAHUHALHIK  “I  shall be your supreme
judge”  could  be reinterpreted as “I am YaHUH
thy  God”,  taking  the  final  Yod  of  ANKI  “I”

末末末末末末末 

5.975  or  6.0  grams.  Dividing the weight of a Manah-stone (Man)
(=   100   Beka)   by   its   volume  (=  0.1  Omer)  yields  the  specific
gravity   of   granite   (597.5  gm  :  220  cm³  =  2.7),  which  was  the
material  of  the broken tablets, i. e. Manah-stones as well as stone
cubes of 0.1³ cubic cubits, and of the Tablets of the Law, that were
“like  the  first”  ka-Rishonim  (Exodus  34, 4 = Deuteronomy 10, 3).
Granite  is  found  near  Elat,  cf.  Ephraim  Orni  and  Elisha Efrat,
Geographie Israels (Jerusalem 1966) p. 350.
            42)   In   Kabbalah   geometry   (Hebrew   “Gematriah”)   has
always  been  considered essential to understanding the Torah of
Moses,  but  the  inaccessibility  of  the  Tablets of the Law (above
Notes  31  and  32)  led  to  its  deterioration, cf. Gershom Scholem
(N. 14) pp. 337343.
            43)  A  master  of Kabbalah is called a Ba‘al Shem meaning
the  owner  (Ba‘al) of the tetragrammaton (Shem) who possesses
its   etymology,   which  is  the  key  to  Mosaical  Metrology  and
Mosaistics,   cf.   Gershom   Scholem   (N.   14)   pp.   310  and  311.

[24]


 
  
Ten  Commandments
  [85]

simultaneously   as   the   initial  of  the next word
followed  by a defective Alef: YaHUH (Yahuweh)
= AHUH (archaic) = AHIH (Ehiyeh).44)
       §  16.  My  analysis  of  interpolations  in  the
last  three  lines  of  the  Ten Commandments also
proved  correct,  for  my  text  without  any  post-
Mosaical additions fits exactly into the blank space
of   96   letters.45)  The  tetragrammaton  following
Lo  Tissa et-Shem “Thou shalt not take the name”
(Exodus  20,  7  =  Deuteronomy 5, 11) has to be

末末末末末末末 

            44)  Cf.  TORAH  OF  THE  ALPHABET  (N.  1) pp. 107111.
The  word  ALHIM  (Elohim)  as  a technical term of the law of the
Torah  incontrovertibly  means  “judge”  (Exodus  22, 8 et passim),
and  hence  may  refer  to  Moses, who was the first supreme judge
(Shofet)  and  commander-in-chief  after  establishing  a system of
inferior  courts, parallel to the military command structure (Exodus
18,   1327).  Both  Rashi  and  the  King  James  Version  translate
Elohim  in Exodus 22 with Dayanim (English “judges”). The word
Elohim on the Tablets of the Law occurs in the same legal context
(Exodus  20, 214), and means “supreme judge”. It is a contraction
of  El  ha-Elim  “highest leader“ as in Eley Mo’av) “the leaders of
Moab”  (Exodus  15,  15),  with  a  superlative  comparable to Eved
Avadim
  “lowest  servant”  (Genesis  9,  25)  or  Melekh Melakhim
“king  of  kings”  (Ezekiel  26,  7).
            45)  See  above  Note  21.  Interpolation  research  in Roman
Law  was opposed for centuries by traditionalists, cf. Fritz Schulz
supra   Notearrow20.   However,  interpolation  research  of  the  Ten
Commandments  cannot  be  accused of butchering the traditional
text,  because  it  is  verifiable  by  the  geometry  of the Tablets of
the  Law  (above  Note  42).  It  is  not new to Jewish thought, and
was  practised  already  by  Rabbi  Akiva  almost  2000  years ago.

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omitted  as  post-Mosaical,  because  it  is not pre-
ceded  by  the  Yod  of  ANKI “I”.46) The style of
legal  or  military  commands,  which  must  be as
short  as  possible,  is  violated  by the subsequent
motive  clauses, that were not part of the law text,
but   partially   divergent  commentaries  annexed
to   it.47)   The  last  commandment  was  restored
in its original wording by eliminating the enumera-
tive  commentary  defining  the  legal  concept of
BIT (read Bayit, short Bet “house”).48)

末末末末末末末 

            46)   The   juridical  interpretation  of  this  commandment  is
probably  connected  with  Lo  Tissa  Shema  (Exodus  23,  1),  and
meant  originally  “Thou  shalt  not  raise a hearing of thy supreme
judge  in  vain”  (contempt  of  court),  since  the  pentateuch uses
this   word  for  a  judicial  hearing  (Deuteronomy  1,  16),  and  the
word   Shem  “name”  is  derived  from  the  verb  “to  hear”.  After
the   death   of   the   republic,   and  the  burial  of  its  constitution
(cf.   Note  31  supra)  theology  interpreted  the  first  three  words
of   the   first   stone   tablet  as  saying  “I  am  YaHUH  thy  God”,
causing  the  speaking  stone  and  his companion in the box to be
worshipped   in  the  Holy  of  Holies  of  the  First  Temple,  which
was  to  become  their  grave,  see  TORAH  OF  THE  ALPHABET
(N.  1)  pp.  18  and  49;  and Raphael Patai, The Hebrew Goddess,
(1967)  pp.  135  and  136.  Thus,  the  theological  interpretation  of
the   Ten   Commandments   idolizes   the   very   same   stone  that
prohibitsarrowidol worship.
            47)  The  word  Mitzwotai “my commandments” (see above
Note 18) is followed by short commands, while the legislator’s will
or motives are a typical subject for commentaries.
            48)  Cf.  TORAH  OF  THE  ALPHABET  (N.  1)  p. 109. This
enumeration,   reminiscent   of   the   res  mancipi  in  Roman  Law,

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Ten  Commandments
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       §   17.  The  commandment  “Remember  the
sabbath  day”  (Exodus  20,  8)  reads  “Keep  the
sabbath  day”  in  Deuteronomy  5,  12.  Why one
version  has  Zakhor  “remember”  and  the  other
Shamor   “keep”   is  explained  by  post-Mosaical
changes in Hebrew phonology and palaeography.49)
The  Mosaical  text  must  have had Dhakhor with
a  voiced  interdental  sibilant  as  in  English “the”
spelled  Tzadi  at  the  beginning,  which  changed
its  pronunciation  to Zayin.50) The original spelling

末末末末末末末 

must   have   accumulated   as   case-law   over   some   400  years  of
legal  history  during  the  ancient  Republic of Israel (Ibid. p.arrow105).
The   ownership  of  the  Ba‘al  ha-Bayit  or  “master  of  the  house”
(Exodus   22,   7)  is  comparable  to  the  things  and  persons  in  the
hand  (manus)  of  the  Roman  paterfamilias.  A  broad  concept  of
property  such  as  “any  thing  that  is  thy  neighbor’s”  has  to  be
a  rather  late  generalization.
            49)  Three  centuries  after  Moses  a  sound  change occurred
(Judges  12,  6),  in  which  Hebrew and Aramaic lost the “th”-sound,
so  that  words  like  “the  thing”  would  become  “ze  sing or shing”
in  Hebrew,  and  “de  ting”  in  Aramaic.  A good example is Zakhor,
for   the   Aramaic   Torin  and  Dikhrin  (Ezra  7,  17)  correspond  to
Hebrew   Shewarim  and  Zekharim.  Hence  the  Mosaical  alphabet
had   to   have   a   special  letter  for  “th”,  that  I  spotted  as  Tzadi,
cf.  TORAH  OF  THE  ALPHABET  (N.  1)  p.arrow73.
            50)  The  Exodus version of the Ten Commandments adjusted
to  the  sound  change  with  the  new phonetic spelling Zakhor, but
older   or  more  conservative  manuscripts  must  have  retained  the
original   spelling   Tzakhor   with   an   initial   Tzadi   in  analogy  to
the inconsistent orthography of Tzahov “golden” and Zahav “gold”
for  archaic  Dhahab.

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of  Tzadi  and  Kaf  could  later  be  mistaken for
Shin   and   Mem  yielding  the  word  Shamor.51)
A similar divergence occurs in the commandment
“Thou  shalt  not  bear  false  witness”,  in which
the  word  “false” reads Shaker in Exodus 20, 13
and   Shawa  in  Deuteronomy  5,  17.  Here  the
original   Kof   and   Resh  of  Shaker  were  later
mistaken for Waw and Alef in Shawa.52)
       §  18.  After  having  succeeded  in  fully re-
constructing   the  original  Tablets  of  the  Law,
hewn   and  written  by  Moses  3427  years  ago
in  the  Sinai,  it  is  safe  to  say  that  they were,
indeed,  the  first  document  ever  to  be written

末末末末末末末 

            51)  The  Deuteronomy version of the Ten Commandments
is  based  upon  an  old  manuscript  of the Torah of Moses found
in  622  B. C. E.  (2.  Kings  22,  8). At this time Mem looked almost
like  the  original Kaf,  while Kaf was developping in the direction
of  its  present  shape. The difference of Shin and Tzadi was only
a  diacritical  mark,  so  that  Tzakhor  could  easily  be misread as
Shamor  (see  below  p.arrow31).
            52)   The   letter   Kof   is   in   a   very   vulnerable  position
(cf.  Note  26  supra), where the top of its circle may have become
blurred,  turning  it  into  the  letter  Waw.  The  first two letters of
Shamor  are  in  the same position on line 8 as the last two letters
of  Shaker  on  line  10,  which  suggests that they were rendered
partially illegible by the same scratch. Since the number of letters
is  the  same  in  both versions, their differences do not affect the
reconstruction  of the Tablets of the Law, and could be left open.

[28]


 
  
Ten  Commandments
  [89]

in  alphabetical  script,  which  was  conceived  by
the  people  of  Israel.53)  The  reason  for  placing
the   letters   Alef   and   Bet   at   the   top  of  the
alphabetical  order,  and  thus  the  very  name  of
the   alphabet   results  from  the  Ten  Command-
ments,  for  their  first  line  begins  on  face  A of
the   first  stone  tablet  with  the  letter  Alef,  and
their  second  line  on  face  B  with the letter Bet.
The   Bible   constitutes  the  oldest  collection  of
alphabetical  literature  that  grew  around  the law
of   the   two   tablets   of   the  Torah  of  Moses,
and   the   alphabet   contains   the   key   to  their
three-dimensional  structure.54)

末末末末末末末 

            53)  Not  every  phonetic  script  is  an  alphabet  in  the  strict
sense  characterized  by  its  unique  alphabetical  order:  Neither the
so-called  Egyptian  “alphabet”  of  one-consonant  hieroglyphs nor
the  so-called  Ethiopian  “alphabet”,  in  spite  of  its  Sinaitic origin,
are  true  alphabets,  because  Alef  and Bet were never placed at the
top of their sequence of letters, and not sharing the Torah of Moses
witharrowIsrael,  there  was  no  reason  to  do  so.
            54)   See   TORAH  OF  THE  ALPHABET  (N.  1)  p.  18.  The
original  meaning  of the Tablets of the Law has to be distinguished
from   their   later   interpretation  (above  Note  46).  Such  a  double
interpretation  (duplex  interpretatio) is also known in Roman Law,
where  the  Corpus Juris of the Emperor Justinian may differ widely
from  the  classical  original,  cf.  Fritz  Schulz  (N. 20) p. 4. Similarly,
what the Constitution of the United States of America means today
is  not  always  what  the  founding  fathers  meant.

[29]


 
[90]  
Ed  Metzler
  

APPENDIX
The  10  Lines  (Devarim)
 
 
The 10 Lines (Devarim)


[30]


 
  
Ten  Commandments
  [91]

arrowAPPENDIX    
Phonetic  and  GraphicarrowChanges
 
Phonetic and Graphic Changes   The  mere  text,  i.  e.  without  any
(beli  Mah)  post-Mosaical  inter-
polations,  of  the  Ten Command-
ments  according  to the books of
Exodus    and   Deuteronomy   dif-
fers  in  only  four  letters,  namely
numbers    17    and    18   of   lines
(Devarim)   8   and   10.  The  four
divergent  letters  are the topmost
in    the   upper   left-hand   corner
on  the  front  of  the  second tab-
let,   where   they   must  have  be-
comearrowblurred   and   partially  il-
legible. When this old manuscript
was  found  and read in 622 B.C.E.
(2.   Kings   22,   8),  the  scribe  of
Deuteronomy   could   easily  mis-
take  Tzadi  and Kaf  for Shin and
Mem   as   well  as  Kof  and  Resh
for   Waw   and  Alef.  After  Tzadi
stopped   being  pronounced  like
the    English   “th”,   the   Exodus
version   adjusted   to  the  sound
change  and  spelled Zakhor with
Zayin,  while  the  more conserva-
tive  spelling with Tzadi persisted
in  other  manuscripts  in  analogy
to  the  inconsistent  orthography
of    Zahav   “gold”   and   Tzahov
“golden”,   cf.   TORAH  OF  THE
ALPHABET   (N.   1)   p.   73.   As
the  number  of letters is the same
in both versions, their differences
do   not  interfere  with  the  three-
dimensional  structure  of the Ten
Commandments,  and  may be left
open,   when   reconstructing  the
two   stone   Tablets  of  the  Law,
hewn   and  written  by  Moses  in
10   lines,  Devarim  or  Sefirot  of
32  letters (Ketivot/Netivot) each.

[31]


By    the    same    author:
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Discovering   the  System  of  Mosaical  Metrology
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Discovering  the  Three-Dimensional  Structure  of
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Discovering   the   Two-Dimensional  Structure  of
the  Alphabetical  Order

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Discovering   the   Mosaical   Roots   of  Kabbalah

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Discovering  the  Israelite  Identity  of the Pyramid
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Conflict  of  Laws in the Israelite Dynasty of Egypt

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The  Mosaical  Roots of European Musical Theory

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On  Mosaical  Matrixes  and  the Metzler Formula

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        “The    author    attempts   to   reconstruct   the
inscription   on   the   Tablets   of   the  Law,  and  to
prove  the  priority  and  centrality  of Hebrew script
in  the  world  history  of  writing.”

KIRJATH  SEPHER
Bibliographical   Quarterly   of   thearrowJewish   National
and   University   Library   in   Jerusalem,   Israel,
VOL.   60,   NO.   12   (1986)   pp.   28788,   *304547.

*
ISBN  3-924448-04-3
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