A row of 10 granite Manah stones was laid in front of the opening words "I *am*
YaHUH" of the first Tablet of the Law, as shown on the right-hand side of the adjoining
diagram (Exodus 16, 33). A Manah held 222 cubic centimeters, and weighed 600 grams = 50
Shekels = 100 Beka. Between and behind the tablets (i. e. on the left-hand side of the
adjoining diagram), there were twice 15 granite Peka-cubes, all wrapped in close-cropped
fleece (marked blue). A fleece (Hebrew Tzinah or Tzintzenet, derived from Tzon "sheep") is
1/45 cubit = 0.99 cm.

**Reprinted from Archives for Mosaical Metrology and
Mosaistics (AMMM) vol. 2, no. 4 (1997) p. 20 by courtesy of BAALSCHEM PRESS
Verlag,Bahnhofstr. 19, D-35745 Herborn 1,GERMANY.**

The broken tablets had to be wrapped in fleece for cushioning them off against the Tablets of the Law so that Manah stones, which were one handbreadth wide, could only be used once in front of YaHUH, while the spaces between and behind the tablets were filled with twice fifteen of the smaller Peka cubes, making up 1/5 of one tablet and weighing 600 Shekels or 7.2 kg called Tzinah "golden fleece" (1. Kings 10, 16), in contrast to Tzintzenet "little fleece" (Exodus 16, 33), being but 1/6 tablet of 500 Shekels or 6 kg. The "Golden Fleece" of Greek mythology was an ingot of gold equivalent in weight to the twice fifteen cubic letter-units between and behind the Tablets of the Law, named after the fleece (Tzinah), in which they were wrapped.

**Reprinted from Archives for Mosaical Metrology and
Mosaistics (AMMM) vol. 2, no. 3 (1995) pp. 20 and 27 by courtesy of BAALSCHEM PRESS
Verlag,Bahnhofstr. 19, D-35745 Herborn 1,GERMANY.**

An Omer is 1/6 of a tablet, whether it is divided into 6 squares, horizontal or vertical rows (see the adjoining diagrams). It is subdivided into 10 Manah "portions", of which there are 60 in a tablet. Since a tablet is also divided into 150 cubic letter-units, one Manah equals 2.5 Peka-cubes.

**Reprinted from Archives for Mosaical Metrology and
Mosaistics (AMMM) vol. 2, no. 4 (1997) p. 19 by courtesy of BAALSCHEM PRESS
Verlag,Bahnhofstr. 19, D-35745 Herborn 1,GERMANY.**

The Manah in the Omer had a metrological meaning, rather than a biological one, constituting the daily ration of grain for one person distributed from Omer pots by judges over tens in conformance with the decimal system of judicial structure and the biblical measures of volume. Even today a quorum of 10 Jews is called a Minyan after the 10 portions (Manah) in the Omer, - originally a gang of 10 workmen who work, eat, and learn together.

**Reprinted from Archives for Mosaical Metrology and
Mosaistics (AMMM) vol. 2, no. 3 (1995) pp. 17 and 19 by courtesy of BAALSCHEM PRESS
Verlag,Bahnhofstr. 19, D-35745 Herborn 1,GERMANY.**

The density of the Manah weight stones, and of the Mosaical Tablets of the Law, which were of the same material ("ka-Rishonim", Exodus 34, 4) as the uninscribed Broken Tablets (Manah-stones and Peka-cubes), can be calculated by dividing the weight of a Manah-stone (600 grams = 100 Beka) by the volume of the manna (Man) in the Omer (222 cubic centimeters = 1/10 Omer), which is 2.7 and corresponds to the specific gravity of granite. Although granite is a very hard stone, we know e. g. from the pyramidion of Amenemhet III and the obelisk of Sesostris I that it could be inscribed in Middle Kingdom Egypt, regardless of how it was done.

**Reprinted from Archives
for Mosaical Metrology and Mosaistics (AMMM) vol. 2, no. 3 (1995) p. 17 by courtesy of
BAALSCHEM PRESS Verlag,Bahnhofstr. 19, D-35745 Herborn
1,GERMANY.**

Each of the Tablets of the Law held 6 Omers = 13.3 liters and weighed 60 Manah = 36 kilograms, known as one Kikar in Israel and Ugarit or as one Talent by the Greeks, who adopted this peculiar system of weights and measures from Israel, which bore the fingerprints of the Mosaical Tablets of the Law and their geometry. Hence both tablets had 72 kilograms or 144 metric pounds (= 158.73 English pounds avoirdupois), which is a good average human weight, not too much and not too little to be carried on staves in a coffin-like wooden box (Aron) by several men. On the other hand, one tablet of 36 kilograms is not too heavy for one man, taking each tablet into both hands, when setting them up within the box, in order to be able to read their reverse sides.

**Reprinted from Archives for Mosaical Metrology and
Mosaistics (AMMM) vol. 2, no. 3 (1995) pp. 7 and 9 by courtesy of BAALSCHEM PRESS
Verlag,Bahnhofstr. 19, D-35745 Herborn 1,GERMANY.**

Of course, the weight of the Broken Tablets as mentioned above, namely 10 Manah stones of 6 kilograms and twice 15 Peka cubes of 7.2 kilograms, together 13.2 kilograms must be added to the 72 kilograms weight of the Tablets of the Law, so that all the stones in the Ark (Aron) of the Covenant weighed 85.2 kilograms, which is still quite realistic, if compared with what the carriers of a coffin (Aron) must be able to carry.

**Moziani, Eliyahu,**(pseudonym), Torah of the Alphabet or How the Art of Writing was Taught under the Judges of Israel (1441-1025), Reconstruction of the 2 Tablets of Moses in the Original Alphabet, second English edition,**1985**, ISBN 3-924448-02-7.**Metzler, Ed,**Discovering the System of Mosaical Metrology,**1985**, AMMM (Archives for Mosaical Metrology and Mosaistics) vol. 1, no. 1, ISBN 3-924448-03-5.**Metzler, Ed,**Discovering the Three-Dimensional Structure of the Ten Commandments,**1986**, AMMM vol. 1, no. 2, ISBN 3-924448-04-3.**Metzler, Ed,**Discovering the Two-Dimensional Structure of the Alphabetical Order,**1987**, AMMM vol. 1, no. 3, ISBN 3-924448-05-1.**Metzler, Ed,**Discovering the Mosaical Roots of Kabbalah,**1988**, AMMM vol. 1, no. 4, ISBN 3-924448-06-X.**Metzler, Ed,**Discovering the Israelite Identity of the Pyramid Builders,**1989**, AMMM vol. 1, no. 5, ISBN 3-924448-07-8.**Metzler, Ed,**Discovering Mosaistics, Introduction to the Scientific Study of the Law of Moses and Mosaical Antiquity (Mosaistics), with Forewords by the Former Lord High Chancellor of England,, KG, CH, FRS, DCL, and by*the Rt. Hon. Lord Hailsham of St. Marylebone*plus Introduction, Epilogue, and Index,*Prof. Dr. Johann Knobloch, Bonn,***1989**, AMMM vol. 1 (complete), ISBN 3-924448-08-6.**Metzler, Ed,**Conflict of Laws in the Israelite Dynasty of Egypt,**1991**, AMMM vol. 2, no. 1, ISBN 3-924448-09-4.**Metzler, Ed,**The Impact of Israel on Western Philosophy,**1993**, AMMM vol. 2, no. 2, ISBN 3-924448-10-8.**Metzler, Ed,**The Mosaical Roots of European Musical Theory,**1995**, AMMM vol. 2, no. 3, ISBN 3-924448-11-6.**Metzler, Ed,**On Mosaical Matrixes and the ,**1997**, AMMM vol. 2, no. 4, ISBN 3-924448-12-4.

E-Mail: Moziani@gmail.com

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